Building resilient communities
Incorporating resilience strategies into designs helps communities deal with acute shocks that require emergency management such as pandemics and natural disasters and chronic stresses including homelessness, lack of economic opportunity, aging infrastructure, or poor transit systems. Since location is a factor in every aspect of resilience planning, GIS is a mission-critical system in developing these strategies. GIS provides tools that local government staff can use to create and analyze designs, collaborate with stakeholders, and justify policies that create community resilience in both the short and long term.
GIS plays a crucial role in planning resilient cities. It provides location-based information about the following:
- City System: This is essentially the municipal GIS database and the processes.
- Institutions: The data about institutions (Government, Non-Government) in the city, like the authorities which provides institutional support in any event of crisis or disaster, this includes, police station, fire brigades, an administrative authority such as DM, Hospitals, NGOs, Disaster control room, etc.
- Vulnerability factors like vulnerable groups, vulnerable areas, vulnerable sectors, and a criticality index of each of these vulnerable factors. GIS also guides the existing capacities to address the vulnerabilities.
- GIS also helps in framing strategies for the resilience of any city by planning, guiding the norms, and building codes accordingly.